The Incoterms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce widely used in international commercial transactions. The Incoterms rules are accepted by governments, legal authorities and practitioners worldwide for the interpretation of most commonly used terms in international trade.


The Incoterms rules began development in 1921 with the forming of the idea by the International Chamber of Commerce. In 1936, the first set of the Incoterms rules was published. The first set remained in use for almost 20 years before the second publication in 1953. Additional amendments and expansions followed in 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990 and 2000. The eighth and current version of the Incoterms rules—Incoterms 2010—was published on January 1, 2011